Nepal at a Glance
Though quite a small country, Nepal is beautiful and very rich in culture, bio-diversity and geography.   more..
 
Nepal in Map of Asia
 
Geographical Map of Nepal
   
Nepal - a Glance  
Geographically, Nepal lies between 80 degree 12' east longitude and 26 degree 22' and 30 degree 27' north latitude. It is a landlocked country with an area of 52,818 sq. miles and is surrounded by India in the east, west and south and by Tibet autonomous region of the People's Republic of China in the north.
Though quite a small country, Nepal is very beautiful and very rich in culture, bio-diversity and geography. Situated in the lap of the Himalayas, Nepal has eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including the tallest one Mount Everest.

Physically, the country can be broadly divided into three regions: the mountainous region, the hilly region and the Terai region or the plains. The climate varies from very cold in the mountain region to moderate in the hills to tropical in the plains. More than 61 ethnic groups reside here and speak as many as 70 different languages. On a world scale Nepal lies 27th in the richness scale on floral diversity. With just over 0.1% of the earth's land surface, it supports globally known 4.2% butterflies (635 species), 2.2 % of fresh water fish (185 species), 1.1 % amphibians (43 species), 1.5% reptile (100 species), 8.5% of birds (860 species) and 4.2% mammals (181 species).

Nepal is considered a very sacred place for Hindus all over the world. But quite interestingly, it is also the birthplace of Lord Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. Besides these two religions, other religions too flourish in Nepal.

Nepal is a developing country with agriculture still forming the backbone of the economy. But remittance from foreign employment is gaining prominence, increasing substantially its share in the national economy. Tourism is a major sector. The country is second richest in hydro-power after Brazil.

Most parts of the country is connected by roads and major parts of the country is also connected by airways.

Politically, Nepal was a constitutional monarchy with multi-party democracy. But in 2002, King Gynandra seized power and ruled the country as an absolute monarch. But the people's movement in Spring 2006 ousted him and restored the people's rights.

Currently, an alliance comprising of the seven major political parties who led the movement has formed the government. They have held talks with the Maoists, a powerful party who had been waging a violent war for about a decade, and the latter have decided to form a joint government for conducting the election of Constitution Assembly--the singlemost important demand of the rebels--to draft a new constitution.

Thus, Nepal, which was marred by a decade-long violent conflict, is at the threshold of a new era.

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