Nepal lies between 80 degree 12' east longitude
and 26 degree 22' and 30 degree 27' north latitude.
It is a landlocked country with an area of 52,818
sq. miles and is surrounded by India in the
east, west and south and by Tibet autonomous
region of the People's Republic of China in
Though quite a small country, Nepal is very
beautiful and very rich in culture, bio-diversity
and geography. Situated in the lap of the Himalayas,
Nepal has eight of the world's ten tallest mountains,
including the tallest one Mount Everest.
Physically, the country can be broadly divided
into three regions: the mountainous region,
the hilly region and the Terai region or the
plains. The climate varies from very cold
in the mountain region to moderate in the
hills to tropical in the plains. More than
61 ethnic groups reside here and speak as
many as 70 different languages. On a world
scale Nepal lies 27th in the richness scale
on floral diversity. With just over 0.1% of
the earth's land surface, it supports globally
known 4.2% butterflies (635 species), 2.2
% of fresh water fish (185 species), 1.1 %
amphibians (43 species), 1.5% reptile (100
species), 8.5% of birds (860 species) and
4.2% mammals (181 species).
Nepal is considered a very sacred place for
Hindus all over the world. But quite interestingly,
it is also the birthplace of Lord Buddha,
the founder of Buddhism. Besides these two
religions, other religions too flourish in
Nepal is a developing country with agriculture
still forming the backbone of the economy.
But remittance from foreign employment is
gaining prominence, increasing substantially
its share in the national economy. Tourism
is a major sector. The country is second richest
in hydro-power after Brazil.
Most parts of the country is connected by
roads and major parts of the country is also
connected by airways.
Politically, Nepal was a constitutional monarchy
with multi-party democracy. But in 2002, King
Gynandra seized power and ruled the country
as an absolute monarch. But the people's movement
in Spring 2006 ousted him and restored the
Currently, an alliance comprising of the
seven major political parties who led the
movement has formed the government. They have
held talks with the Maoists, a powerful party
who had been waging a violent war for about
a decade, and the latter have decided to form
a joint government for conducting the election
of Constitution Assembly--the singlemost important
demand of the rebels--to draft a new constitution.
Thus, Nepal, which was marred by a decade-long
violent conflict, is at the threshold of a